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Trauma Patients Benefit from Blood Transfusions

Sunday, November 17, 2013

Persons, who have suffered severe injuries and receive blood transfusions on the way to the hospital either through medical helicopter or via ground ambulance, have a much higher chance of surviving their injuries.

A recent study focused on 97 patients who suffered trauma in accidents, and who received blood transfusions or plasma transfusions either in a medical helicopter or ground ambulance on their way to the hospital.

When the researchers compared the recovery rates of the patients with patients who did not receive any transfusions on the way to the hospital, they found that the patients who received blood transfusions were approximately 8% less likely to die within six hours of arriving at the hospital. In comparison, the patients in the group that did not receive blood transfusions while on their way to the hospital had a lower chance of surviving their injuries. Persons who received blood transfusions were also 13% more likely to survive until they were discharged from the hospital.

En- route blood transfusion seems to be an effective way of intervening early in the patient's medical condition, thereby increasing his chances of surviving his injuries. Such intervention can save lives, because early intervention is key when a person has suffered severe traumatic injuries, like the kind that occur during a serious auto accident or truck accident.

Severe trauma in auto accidents can be reduced by wearing seat belts, and travelling in a car that comes with side airbag systems, frontal airbags, and other gadgets that reduce the risk of severe injuries. You can also reduce your risk of suffering serious head injuries in an accident by always wearing a helmet while riding a motorcycle or bicycle.

Teen Driver Safety Bill Vetoed by Governor

Monday, November 11, 2013

A California bill that would have included stricter licensing requirements for teenage motorists and stronger curfews for novice drivers has been vetoed by the Governor.

Gov Brown recently vetoed the bill that had been introduced by Assemblyman Jim Frazier D-Oakley. Under the bill, teenage drivers would be required to maintain a learner's permit for nine months instead of the current six months. The bill would also have stricter driving restrictions for teenage drivers. The bill would ban teenage drivers from driving between 10 PM and 5 AM. These are the hours that see the highest number of accidents involving teenage drivers, and the bill would ensure fewer teenage motorists on the road during these dangerous hours.

According to the Governor, while he does agree with the need for reducing the number of accidents involving teenage drivers, it is more important now to focus on strengthening teenage driver training programs, than enacting new laws. He plans to direct agencies like the Department of Motor Vehicles to establish a stronger driver training program for teenage motorists.

In California, drivers between the age of 16 and 19 are approximately 4 times more likely to be involved in an accident, compared to other motorists. The California Department of Motor Vehicles released a report in March, which also indicated that drivers between the between the age of 16 and 19 also have the highest average annual traffic citation rate.

California has attempted to address the problem of teen motorist safety, and has some of the strongest teen driver safety laws in the country. These laws are included in the state’s Graduated Driver Licensing Program which was implemented in 1998. However, there are certain provisions in the GDL program that could be modified and enhanced, and this could help prevent more teenage car accidents.

Study Finds Post-Spinal Injury Scarring Could Benefit Patients

Monday, November 04, 2013

According to the results of a study that was published recently in the scientific journal Science, the formation of scar tissue after a spinal cord injury at the site of the injury, could actually prevent the expansion of the injury, and help boost recovery of the patient. That flies in the face of established scientific literature that has held that scar formation at the site of the injury impedes recovery efforts. The new study finds that this is not necessarily so.

The study was conducted by scientists at the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, and according to their studies, scar tissue that is formed at a spinal injury site by stem cells after an injury does not impair recovery, and could actually help limit the amount of damage that is caused after the injury. For many years now, studies have indicated to Thousand Oaks spinal injury lawyers that recovery after a spinal injury is impeded due to the formation of scar tissue. According to earlier studies, the scar tissue that is formed at the site of the injury blocks the regeneration of new nerve cells, and therefore, functional impairment after an injury tends to be permanent.

However, in the new research, the scientists focused on spinal cord stem cells, which are mainly responsible for the formation of scar tissue around the spinal cord injury. They found that when the scar formation was blocked by preventing the stem cells from generating new cells, the injury ultimately began to expand, and resulted in damage to more numbers of nerve fibers. However, when the mice had continued stem cell function after the injury, scar formation continued normally. Spinal cord stem cells were actually greater in number in these mice.


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